The Largest Active Medieval City In The World

Fez, located in the northern part of Morocco, is widely considered to be one of the most important and historically significant cities in the world. With a population of over a million people, it is also the largest active medieval city in the world, and is home to a wealth of cultural and architectural treasures.

The modern location of Fez is founded in the 8th century AD, and was for many centuries one of the most important centers of Islamic learning and culture. The city’s rich history can be seen in its many stunning mosques, madrasas, and other religious buildings, many of which date back to the medieval period. This makes it one of the most touristic cities in Morocco.

Quaraouiyine mosque

One of the most famous landmarks in Fez is the University of Al Quaraouiyine, which was founded in 859 AD and is considered to be the oldest continually operating university in the world. The university played a key role in the development of Islamic scholarship and culture, and its library contains many priceless manuscripts and rare books.

Kairaouine Mosque (Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin) ragarded as one of the oldest teaching institutions in the world.

Ancient Medina

Another important landmark in Fez is the Bab Bou Jeloud, a magnificent gate that leads into the city’s historic medina. The medina is a maze of narrow streets and alleyways, lined with shops, restaurants, and traditional Moroccan homes. It is also home to a number of important religious buildings, including the stunning Bou Inania Madrasa, which was built in the 14th century and is widely regarded as one of the finest examples of Islamic architecture in the world.

Despite its ancient origins, Fez remains a vibrant and active city, with a bustling commercial district, a thriving arts scene, and a lively nightlife. The city is also known for its traditional crafts, including pottery, leatherwork, and metalworking, which are still practiced by skilled artisans using techniques that have been passed down through generations.

Today, Fez is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is widely regarded as one of the most important cultural and historical destinations in the world. Visitors to the city can explore its many architectural treasures, learn about its rich history and culture, and experience the warmth and hospitality of its people.